Muhammad Effendi Laz wrote in the book “The Veterinary Guide in the Appearance of Horses”, which Khedive Ismail commissioned to prepare, about the method of examining horses for sale, which has been followed since the era of Muhammad Ali Pasha for examining horses for sale, where this exam is taken inside and outside the stable, he says :
A good horse, if he is in the stable, is seen standing there with peace and quiet, without being confused on his side and bewildered in his eyes. If it is not tied, it will rest on its back, one after the other, in succession. But if he is tied, he puts his four legs in a straight line.
After examining these conditions, he is considered while he is tied; Because the biting mare is usually tied in two harnesses, and the one that sucks is in the manger or with a very tight collar, then after watching and examining that in the animal while it is inside the stable, it is commanded to be fed; To see if he gets aversion and difficulty at that or not, then he turns and turns from his place of residence; To see whether he moved from it easily or not, and was brought to the stable door; To be revealed with scrutiny and full care of his eyes. For this reason, the person examining must be standing in front of the animal, a little farther from it, and looking in succession with the utmost precision at the animal’s right eye and at its left eye; To verify that they are equal in sight or not, then he inspects his eyelids, and examines them well, so that he does not see any defect, wound, or trace in them.
And he moves to the depths of his eyes, and also tests them with accuracy and in general. All compound parts, including the eye, must be examined and examined as necessary, meaning that the transparent cornea is looked at; To know the degree of its challenge, whether it is good and free of linens and so on or not, and that the materials of the eye are clear and transparent or not, and that the pupil of the eye is flat in relation to the degree of blackness under the stable door of the parts deep in the eye transparent or not.
Muhammad Effendi Laz, in the book “The Veterinary Guide in the Appearance of Horses,” which Khedive Ismail commissioned to prepare, dealt with the method of examining the horse for sale, and after mentioning his exam inside the stable, he deals in this part with the method of examining it outside the stable, he says:
When the research comes to test the mentioned in this way, the animal comes out from inside the stable to a solid, horizontal, level ground, so that it is in a state that is neither more nor less than its original, natural shape that it is in, and then the examiner stands a few meters away from the animal, and looks at its strength and moderation. and its apparent proportions, then he searches, with sufficient investigation and scrutiny, on all parts of his original body; To see whether it is with the descriptions mentioned in the heart of the book or not.
The examinee must pass his hand over the neck of the animal. To see if he has a disease or not, and he looks well at the iris of the eye, is it confined to the degree of light of the side in which the animal is standing or not, and whether its jaws are in the best form and sound from diseases or not, and whether its tongue is healthy and its teeth are free of decay or not, and is there any trace that indicates whether or not he has epilepsy, looks at his teeth, and opens the wings of his nose; To see if they are healthy or not, then he will reveal the pelvis of the animal’s forehead; To know whether it is good without defects or not. When the examiner places his hand on the neck of the animal, he must check whether the mouth of the animal’s forehead and its upper edge are intact or not.
The examinee, when placing his hands on the body of an animal, should verify whether the movement is free from defects and diseases and is of good shape or not, and that the back is flexible and soft in movements or not, and whether the tail has a fistula or tumors or not, and whether his chest is free from wounds, traces of belt and burns or not, and whether His ribs have some stiffness or bony knots and the like or not, and is his side flat and undisturbed or not, and whether his flanks are flat or not, and is his back healthy from emaciation and thinness and from traces of daffodil and burns or not. When the examination of the animal’s torso ends in this manner, then it is necessary to examine its limbs, and first look at them from a distance, then they are touched. In order to verify that the joints and the lower radii are affected by one of the soft or dry diseases mentioned above or not. The most important thing that must be taken care of in examining and testing it is the legs of the animal, as it is obligatory that they are free from every defect and disease as long as the animal is directed on it.
Exam of sold horses in motion
Muhammad Effendi Laz continues in the book “The Veterinary Guide in the Appearance of Horses” his talk about the method of examining the sold animal, and this time he talks about the exam in a moving position, saying:
And after the test of the animal proceeds by virtue of what we mentioned while standing in a state of stillness, it is also tested while in motion, walking with skeins and slings and rotating soles, so it must be in the event of walking with skeins that its limbs are facing forward on a shoe parallel to the shoe corrugating its body, and that the traces of its rear limbs The traces of its front limbs should be covered, and its legs should be raised in a suitable manner from above the ground, and we should not hear its tread on the ground with an obvious crackle, and especially if it is walking through the caves, it is necessary to examine the animal carefully and carefully.
And if the animal to be tested is intended to make it to the saddle to be mounted and walked with a sole, then if all this examination is over in the animal, the animal goes backwards; To see if his eyes are solid and his hocks, and whether he suffers from coma or not, and whether his side movements are regular without being noticed by palpitations or not.